Watts For Texas Uncategorized Rajasthan’s Political Landscape: Congress vs BJP

Rajasthan’s Political Landscape: Congress vs BJP

The Politics of Rajasthan

The politics of Rajasthan is dominated by the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party. Since 1993, the state has seen power oscillate between these two national parties.

In 1998, Ashok Gehlot won the elections and became the Chief Minister of Rajasthan. But he was voted out in 2003 by the BJP’s Vasundhara Raje.

Political parties

The state’s politics has traditionally been dominated by two political stalwarts, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat and Mohan Lal Sukhadia of the Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party respectively. Both were instrumental in the growth and popularity of their respective parties.

The BJP has gained popularity in Rajasthan due to its emphasis on infrastructure development, welfare programmes and economic growth. It also has a good base among so-called forward communities and trading communities, which comprise 20-22% of the electorate. Moreover, the BJP has been able to counter anti-incumbency in Rajasthan by promoting a sense of stability.

However, a number of poll experts believe that the BJP might face a challenge in Rajasthan. They cite different opinion polls and news outlets. They believe that the people of Rajasthan might get bored of Gehlot and Pilot. Therefore, they might want a new CM face. Additionally, there is high corruption at the local level. This might be one of the reasons why Rajasthan has not been able to achieve industrialisation as quickly as other states.


The 5.2 crore electorate in Rajasthan will choose their representatives from 199 seats in the state assembly. The state, which also sends 25 Lok Sabha members to the national parliament, tends to alternate between BJP and Congress governments with each election.

This time, the BJP is trying to retain the power it won in 2013. Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje will face her toughest challenge yet. No ruling party has been voted back to office in the state since 1993.

The BJP has taken a small Jat-based party, the Rashtriya Loktantrik Party (RLP), along with it in the elections. RLP founder Hanuman Beniwal, a former BJP leader, is an influential figure in the region. He has a reputation for winning difficult seats, including those in the desert states. His success is attributed to his ability to mobilize voters in tribal areas. He has earned the moniker “master manipulator.” He has previously forged alliances with the Janta Dal to form the BJP government in Rajasthan.

Chief minister

Rajasthan was the first Indian state to experiment at the village level with panchayat raj, a system of decentralized government modeled on the ideas of Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi. Its villages are organized into community development blocks and administered by elected village panchayats. The state government is headed by a chief minister and aided by a council of ministers.

Political analysts have said that the BJP might be back in power, citing several opinion polls. However, they are predicting that there will be another change in the state’s chief minister, as people have gotten tired of seeing Ashok Gehlot and Vasundhara Raje hold the post.


The state legislature is known as the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, and its members are elected to it by universal adult franchise. It is unicameral, with 199 seats. The legislature is governed by the Constitution of India and its rules framed under Articles 162 to 196.

The Congress was unable to buck the trend of being voted out every five years in the state and fell short by several seats. Outgoing Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot lost to BJP’s Vasundhara Raje, who is expected to take the reins as the new chief minister of Rajasthan.

BJP has been narrowing the gap with the Congress in the last four elections. Experts attribute this to the party’s focus on development, a perception that the incumbent government did not deliver and the anti-incumbency factor. The swing regions of the state have also shifted from being a Congress-BJP battleground to one dominated by independents and smaller parties. These changes are seen as a sign of political fragmentation in Rajasthan.

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